Preventive dentistry is the branch of dentistry that deals with the evaluation of teeth and associated structure of oral cavity in order to aid diagnoses and treatment by the teeth, gums and structures related to the oral cavity.
Preventive dentistry is basically a field of dentistry in which care is provided to keep the oral cavity healthy thus useful in avoiding tooth cavities, gums, diseases and many more problems.
Following measures are included in preventive dentistry.
Teeth and Tongue Brushing
Brushing at least twice a day with a good fluoride tooth paste is the most important part of preventive dentistry as improper brushing can lead to calculus/tarter due to harden of in-removed plaque and resulting in early gum disease called gingivitis.
The plaque can also buildup on the tongue which results in bad mouth odor( halitosis) and also other oral health problems so gently brush your tongue also every time you brush your teeth.
Brushing twice specially after breakfast and before going to bed with proper technique taught by dentist not only help to remove the bacteria from oral cavity but also freshen your breath.
Flossing at least once a day is usually recommended as it helps to remove the plaque and food particles stuck in between the teeth thus also improves oral health.
The correct use of dental floss is very important otherwise it may also lead to gum disease so you must should must ask from your dentist the correct method of flossing to minimize the adverse effects produce by false flossing technique.
There are several different types of dental floss available in the market easily so you can purchase and use one of the best on your personal preference.
Regular Dental Visits:
It is recommended that you should visit to your dentist at least twice a year for your dental checkup.
The dental visit should include:
- Full examination of teeth and oral cavity.
- Dental cleaning/scaling as prophylaxis for given disease if needed.
- Dental x-rays if needed.
- Fluoride treatment.
- Dental fillings and sealants.
- Space maintainers.
- Night guards/ sports mouth guards.
Role of preventive dentistry
The preventive dentistry helps in maintaining the good oral hygiene (furthermore the oral cavity is the house of bacteria so maintaining a clean healthy mouth benefits overall health) which reduces the risk of teeth cavities, gum problems and other oral & dental problems.
Thus reduce the risk of secondary health problems caused by poor oral health especially
i) Heart diseases
iii) Respiratory diseases
v) Premature birth and low birth weight.